Pentingnya Kontak Mata

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Komunikasi menjadi faktor utama untuk berlangsungnya hidup manusia. Manusia adalah makhluk sosial, sehingga manusia perlu berinteraksi kepada manusia lainnya. Komunikasi yang dilakukan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari meliputi komunikasi verbal dan non verbal. Komunikasi verbal adalah proses penyampaian informasi dari komunikator kepada komunikan dalam bentuk lisan maupun tulisan. Sedangkan komunikasi non verbal adalah proses penyampaian pesan dalam bentuk bahasa isyarat yang biasanya berupa bahasa tubuh atau gestur tubuh, ekspresi wajah, kontak mata, dan lainnya. 

Kontak mata (eye contact) merupakan kejadian ketika dua orang melihat mata satu sama lain pada saat yang sama. Kontak mata merupakan salah satu bentuk komunikasi nonverbal yang disebut okulesik dan memiliki pengaruh yang besar dalam perilaku sosial. Sebagian ilmuwan menegaskan bahwa anak-anak sering merespon ke mata ibu mereka sejak lahir, dan bayi-bayi umumnya tersenyum secara naluriah kepada titik hitam menganggapnya mata, hingga umur enam minggu, sebuah penelitian tahun 1985 yang diterbitkan di Journal of Experimental Child Psychology menunjukkan bahwa “bayi 3-bulan relatif tidak sensitif dalam menjadi objek penglihatan orang lain”. Sebuah penelitian 1996 di Kanada menemukan bahwa senyum pada bayi 3 hingga 6 bulan berkurang jika kontak mata dengan orang dewasa dihentikan. Sebuah penelitian 2004 di Britania dalam Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience menemukan bahwa pengenalan wajah oleh bayi difasilitasi oleh tatapan mata langsung. Penelitian lainnya pada 2005 dan 2002 mengkonfirmasikan bahwa tatapan mata dari orang-orang dewasa memengaruhi tatapan mata dari bayi. Selain sarana melakukan komunikasi non verbal, kontak mata juga berfungsi untuk menunjukkan rasa percaya diri, menunjukkan kebohongan, menunjukkan rasa ketertarikan, menunjukkan ekspresi, tanda dari sifat suatu hubungan, menunjukkan rasa menghargai, dan menjaga umpan balik.

Kontak mata bagi anak sangatlah penting, berbicara mengenai anak berkebutuhan khusus banyak dari ABK memiliki kontak mata yang buruk. Pada piramida pembelajaran visual amatlah sangat penting sebelum anak mampu melakukan aktifitas lain atau mampu dalam memenuhi aspek lain sebagai syarat ABK mampu mandiri dalam hal apapun. Dengan melakukan terapi secara rutin ABK diharapkan mampu melatih kontak matanya. Ada banyak cara menstimulus kontak mata pada anak berkebutuhan khusus diantaranya:

1. Duduk dengan posisi table top secara berhadapan.

Duduklah berhadapan dengan anak usahakan berhdapan lalu pegang pelipis mata anak. Pandang anak selama beberapa detik. Usahakan tatapan mata anak anda tetap berada dalam kuncian anda. Apabila tatapan mata anak anda hilang dari mata anda maka cari dan ikuti tatapan mata anak, pertahankan dan usahakan tetap fokus.

2. Gunakan benda yang disukai anak

Terapis, ayah, atau bunda dapat menggunakan benda berupa makanan atau apapun yang disukai anak. Panggil nama anak lalu letakkan benda tersebut di tengah mata atau di antara kedua mata anak. Tahan benda tersebut selama beberapa detik sesuai kemampuan anak. Berikan reward setiap anak mampu meningkatkan waktu atau durasi dalam menjaga kontak matanya.

3. Bermain permainan puzzle atau menara donat

Permainan puzzle atau menara donat merupakan salah satu cara meningkatkan kontak mata anak. Lakukan aktifitas tersebut dengan posisi di atas meja bantu anak untuk melakukan aktifitas tersebut. Arahkan tangan anak untuk memasang permainan tersebut apabila anak masih kesusahan mempertahankan kontak matanya. Berikan stimulus berupa sentuhan pada pipi atau hidung apabila anak kesusahan mempertahankan atau memasang permainan tersebut. Usahakan anak satu permainan dari awal hingga akhir

4. Stimulasi dengan bunyi-bunyian atau lagu kesukaan anak

One thought on “Pentingnya Kontak Mata

  1. Good day,

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  2. Hey, my name’s Eric and for just a second, imagine this…

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    – And then they hit the back button and check out the other search results instead.

    – Bottom line – you got an eyeball, but nothing else to show for it.

    – There they go.

    This isn’t really your fault – it happens a LOT – studies show 7 out of 10 visitors to any site disappear without leaving a trace.

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  3. Hi there,

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  4. My name’s Eric and I just came across your website – fisiocare-purwokerto.com – in the search results.

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    Your SEO’s working.

    You’re getting eyeballs – mine at least.

    Your content’s pretty good, wouldn’t change a thing.

    BUT…

    Eyeballs don’t pay the bills.

    CUSTOMERS do.

    And studies show that 7 out of 10 visitors to a site like fisiocare-purwokerto.com will drop by, take a gander, and then head for the hills without doing anything else.

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  5. Hey there, I just found your site, quick question…

    My name’s Eric, I found fisiocare-purwokerto.com after doing a quick search – you showed up near the top of the rankings, so whatever you’re doing for SEO, looks like it’s working well.

    So here’s my question – what happens AFTER someone lands on your site? Anything?

    Research tells us at least 70% of the people who find your site, after a quick once-over, they disappear… forever.

    That means that all the work and effort you put into getting them to show up, goes down the tubes.

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    CLICK HERE http://talkwithcustomer.com to try out a Live Demo with Talk With Web Visitor now to see exactly how it works.

    When targeting leads, you HAVE to act fast – the difference between contacting someone within 5 minutes versus 30 minutes later is huge – like 100 times better!

    That’s why you should check out our new SMS Text With Lead feature as well… once you’ve captured the phone number of the website visitor, you can automatically kick off a text message (SMS) conversation with them.

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    Thanks and keep up the great work!

    Eric
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  6. Hey, this is Eric and I ran across fisiocare-purwokerto.com a few minutes ago.

    Looks great… but now what?

    By that I mean, when someone like me finds your website – either through Search or just bouncing around – what happens next? Do you get a lot of leads from your site, or at least enough to make you happy?

    Honestly, most business websites fall a bit short when it comes to generating paying customers. Studies show that 70% of a site’s visitors disappear and are gone forever after just a moment.

    Here’s an idea…

    How about making it really EASY for every visitor who shows up to get a personal phone call you as soon as they hit your site…

    You can –

    Talk With Web Visitor is a software widget that’s works on your site, ready to capture any visitor’s Name, Email address and Phone Number. It signals you the moment they let you know they’re interested – so that you can talk to that lead while they’re literally looking over your site.

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    You’ll be amazed – the difference between contacting someone within 5 minutes versus a half-hour or more later could increase your results 100-fold.

    It gets even better… once you’ve captured their phone number, with our new SMS Text With Lead feature, you can automatically start a text (SMS) conversation.

    That way, even if you don’t close a deal right away, you can follow up with text messages for new offers, content links, even just “how you doing?” notes to build a relationship.

    Pretty sweet – AND effective.

    CLICK HERE http://talkwithcustomer.com to discover what Talk With Web Visitor can do for your business.

    You could be converting up to 100X more leads today!

    Eric
    PS: Talk With Web Visitor offers a FREE 14 days trial – and it even includes International Long Distance Calling.
    You have customers waiting to talk with you right now… don’t keep them waiting.
    CLICK HERE http://talkwithcustomer.com to try Talk With Web Visitor now.

    If you’d like to unsubscribe click here http://talkwithcustomer.com/unsubscribe.aspx?d=fisiocare-purwokerto.com

  7. Hello, my name’s Eric and I just ran across your website at fisiocare-purwokerto.com…

    I found it after a quick search, so your SEO’s working out…

    Content looks pretty good…

    One thing’s missing though…

    A QUICK, EASY way to connect with you NOW.

    Because studies show that a web lead like me will only hang out a few seconds – 7 out of 10 disappear almost instantly, Surf Surf Surf… then gone forever.

    I have the solution:

    Talk With Web Visitor is a software widget that’s works on your site, ready to capture any visitor’s Name, Email address and Phone Number. You’ll know immediately they’re interested and you can call them directly to TALK with them – literally while they’re still on the web looking at your site.

    CLICK HERE https://talkwithwebvisitors.com to try out a Live Demo with Talk With Web Visitor now to see exactly how it works and even give it a try… it could be huge for your business.

    Plus, now that you’ve got that phone number, with our new SMS Text With Lead feature, you can automatically start a text (SMS) conversation pronto… which is so powerful, because connecting with someone within the first 5 minutes is 100 times more effective than waiting 30 minutes or more later.

    The new text messaging feature lets you follow up regularly with new offers, content links, even just follow up notes to build a relationship.

    Everything I’ve just described is extremely simple to implement, cost-effective, and profitable.

    CLICK HERE https://talkwithwebvisitors.com to discover what Talk With Web Visitor can do for your business, potentially converting up to 100X more eyeballs into leads today!

    Eric
    PS: Talk With Web Visitor offers a FREE 14 days trial – and it even includes International Long Distance Calling.
    You have customers waiting to talk with you right now… don’t keep them waiting.
    CLICK HERE https://talkwithwebvisitors.com to try Talk With Web Visitor now.

    If you’d like to unsubscribe click here http://talkwithwebvisitors.com/unsubscribe.aspx?d=fisiocare-purwokerto.com

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